What are they?
Varicose veins are permanent swollen and enlarged veins. They occur when the valves within the veins do not work well, and the blood can flow backwards and get trapped.
This accumulation of blood in the vein generates swelling that prevents normal function.
The return of blood to the heart is produced by the compression of the leg muscles on the elastic tissue of the veins. The retention of the blood caused by the venous valves create negative pressure in the thoracic region that provides oxygen to the blood and prevents return to the heart.
The veins are made of an elastic tissue and inside you can find the venous valves, which have a similar form to a swallow's nest. When the valves deteriorate, the vein loses its elasticity, and instead of collecting the blood and transporting it properly to the heart, there is an accumulation of blood in the areas furthest from the heart. This can happen in areas such as the legs causing the walls of the veins to separate and cause the veins to look like snakes or thick strings.
This process is ongoing and can affect other veins repeating the process. If the problem is not corrected, the legs will continue to form these snake like veins.
In addition to being an aesthetic problem, varicose veins represent, fundamentally, an important medical problem that can cause pain, discomfort and fatigue in the legs. Understanding how they are formed and the types of treatments available is the first step to combating them in the most effective way.
What do they originate from?
There are many causes that influence the appearance and development of varicose veins: hereditary, hormonal factors, diabetes, pregnancy, sedentary lifestyle, consumption of alcoholic beverages, tobacco or excess of caffeine, obesity, prolonged standing, etc ...
What types of varicoses are there?
Usually, appear two common and clearly visible types of veins, the varicose cords or the aesthetic varicose .
Varicose cords are those very visible varicosities that are inflamed and have very irregular shapes. The most common treatment involves surgery. They are usually accompanied by changes in the colour of the skin of the ankles and, sometimes, by skin ulcers.
The spider veins are developed close to the surface of the skin. They are quite common in women and are linked to fluctuations in hormone levels.
The most common are the vascular ones and they are varied, but to understand them a bit better, we will make a comparison with a tree, in fact, those veins are usually called a vascular tree. A tree has roots, a trunk and branches of different thicknesses and lengths. If the disease begins in the roots or trunk the disease can be more serious. If the disease begins in the branches, it will affect the leaves and will start to fall, since the symptoms such as dilatation, problems with the skin, cramps, itching, pigmentation, ulcers, inflammation in the vascular system, etc. Depending on the type of varicose, we have an aesthetical or health problem.
What are the symptoms?
Initially, it may seem an aesthetic problem, but when those varicose cords are accompanied by ulcers it means that there is already a varicose disease, and this should be treated.
The signs and symptoms are heavy and uncomfortable legs, aching, swollen area, burning or throbbing sensation, tingling, muscle cramps, nervousness and especially dilation and enema, which makes the limb look very unattractive.
How are they diagnosed?
The most important is that the clinical examination is carried out by a professional expert. This can be accompanied by performing a Doppler ultrasound on the affected area to determine the size and position of varicose veins.
Can they be prevented?
The causes may be genetic; therefore prevention is not always possible. A healthy lifestyle is recommended , avoiding being overweight, stop smoking, exercise regularly according to the age and health condition, this can improve circulation and help maintain a healthy weight.
Once varicose veins have appeared, the best cause of action is to seek professional advice to assess the condition and treat them appropriately.
Is exercise recommended?
It is recommended and even advisable to do moderate exercise, but always sports that do not involve too much effort such as spinning, long distance running, cycling, etc.
We advise a sport suitable for the age and medical condition of the patient.
Can you wear high heels?
Wearing high heels are not advisable, but if you do and have a varicose condition, try to do some exercises with your foot to activate the bloodstream, such as exercising the sole of the foot with a tennis ball.
How can they be treated?
TYPE OF TREATMENTS THAT ARE USUALLY PERFORMED
- LASER : It is applied locally to very small veins and cannot be used as treatment in all types of varicose veins.
- SCLEROTHERAPY : This treatment can be used in small or medium varicose veins. This way of treatment causes vein to scar, causing blood to reroute through healthier vein.
- SURGERY : This is a way, based on the removal of varicose veins from the superficial venous system. With surgery varicosities are permanently removed.
- ¡IMADSPAIN solution! INDUCE DOSES: It is an application of medication in the form of a foam to the vein channel. Respecting its form, seeking progressive healing and recovery.
IMPORTANT: This is not a treatment; it is a therapeutic method that improves the venous system by applying conventional medication in a different way.